Polterabend: The German Wedding Tradition Full of Shattered Dishes and Cheers

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Polterabend: The German Wedding Tradition Full of Shattered Dishes and Cheers

Polterabend is a kind of wedding tradition that takes place before the actual ceremony and involves pretty much everyone including the bride, groom as well as their families and friends. ‘Polterabend’ means a brittle night or the destructive eve which refers to breaking porcelain cups and other noise making, exterminating ghosts with low frequency. It is an exuberant ritual that welcomes chaos prior to the big day and represents the journey from being alone into marriage.


Polterabend is characteristically German wedding custom that embodies what we would speak of today as “old things out, new ones in,” or the ringing phrase describing its raucous history – breaking dishes together with well wishes line up and share their fun—and mayhem while observing a long-established ritual.

The Origins and Significance of Polterabend

The exact origins of Polterabend remain uncertain, but this tradition has existed across Germany for centuries. Some historians trace its roots to pre-Christian pagan rituals related to banishing evil influences before marriage. Later associations connected noisy Polterabends to scaring away demons and spirits who might curse the couple’s union.

Over time, these superstitious origins gave way to the popular belief that smashing porcelain brought blessings and abundance to newlyweds. The word “Polter” even translates to “clatter” or “rumble,” referencing the loud sound produced by shattering plates and dishes. The more shards created, the better luck conferred upon the bride and groom.

In addition to warding off misfortune, Polterabends hold great personal and cultural meaning. The celebration allows engaged couples quality bonding time with loved ones who offer their joyous support of the marriage. Friends and family come together with playfully destructive revelry that releases tension before the actual wedding.

On a symbolic level, breaking dishware represents the fragility of human relationships along with the strength of the upcoming union. Shards signify a definitive farewell to single life as relatives send the couple off with rapturous celebrations of community, kinship, and resilience going into their marriage.

How to Plan a Polterabend

Polterabends tend to be casual, inexpensive affairs organized by the bride, groom, or their parents. These German pre-wedding festivities typically take place one to three weeks before the wedding date at locations with outdoor space to safely break dishes. Settings may include backyards, town squares, neighborhood streets, parks, forests, large halls, or rural reception venues.

When planning details, consider factors like the guest count, weather, noise restrictions, and how much porcelain you’d like to smash. Stockpile unwanted dish sets from thrift stores or ask friends and relatives to donate theirs for the occasion. Gather safety equipment like brooms, dustpans, gloves, and eye protection.

Also known as Scherbenbringens, some Polterabend events request guests bring pre-broken ceramics as party contributions symbolizing wishes of good fortune. Alternatively, revelers can break plates themselves during the festivities’ culminating highlight: the collective porcelain-shattering ritual.

The Dish-Breaking Ritual and Symbolism

The dish-smashing ceremony represents the core tradition and climax of any Polterabend celebration. As the party winds toward its conclusion, the bride and groom equip themselves in protective glasses and gloves before stepping outside into an open courtyard or designated breaking space.

Armloads of reject plates, mugs, and bowls await their fate on the ground as festivities commence with the clinking of beer glasses. Attendees form an energetically shouting circle around the stack of condemned dishware while the engaged couple takes turns forcefully lobbing porcelain remnants onto the developing shattered mound.

The ceremonial demolition unfolds accompanied by boisterous cheers of encouragement, enthusiastic applause, and the clattering music of fracturing dinner sets. Guests may even playfully pelt the two with gentle china splinters as tokens of good fortune.

When the last saucer splits in two, joyous celebration ensues over the disorderly mound of shattered dreams now littering the venue space. As mentioned, this symbolic ritual stems from old superstitions about scaring demons away while ushering in blessings for fertility, abundance, and happy matrimony.

The fragmented state also references the vulnerability of relationships and marriages. Couples acknowledge this truth on their Polterabend while receiving community support as they prepare to enter a lifelong bond built upon love’s resilience.

Decor Ideas for Polterabends

When planning your celebration, lean into decor that enhances the essence of this German tradition. As Polterabend translates to “eve of breaking,” creatively incorporate visual details evoking images of shattered dishware and lively chaos.

For example, display jagged ceramic shards as candles holders or scatter piece glued to tables like an artsy mosaic. Twinkling fairy or tea lights offer a beautiful glow shining through transparent fragment pieces.

Paint porcelain remnant outlines on brown craft paper as non-literal abstract interpretations of the occasion. Line walkways with alternating whole dishware and cracked cup silhouettes by tracing their shadow profiles.

Use strings of colorful triangular and diamond flags to mimic abstract shard shapes while visually populating the party space. For buffet-style food presentation, line mismatched ceramic plates down table runners to reference the eccentric pile left at event’s end.

When designing attire, don’t be afraid to pair black tie elegance with German whimsy: mini beer steins as boutonnieres or corsages of silk white roses and baby’s breath. Finally, display Polterabend’s thematic oxymoron by mixing North-German proverbs about marriage on printed cards with images depicting the literal breaking of those dreams.

Traditional Food and Drinks

It’s a German celebration, so beer reigns supreme as the signature Polterabend libation of choice. Offer local pilsners, lagers, kölschs, or wheat beers. Given the lush springtime backdrop during typical pre-wedding seasons, a refreshing radler of beer sweetly mixed with lemonade also quenches thirsts.

Beyond brews, open bars may include German schnapps, liqueurs, and bitters like Jägermeister along with regional wine varieties such as Riesling or Gewürztraminer. Set out soda water and juices for festive spritzers.

Pair drinks with traditional German cuisine like sausages, stuffed cabbage rolls, potato salad, pretzels, or pickle platters. Heartier dishes like pork knuckles, roast duck, or schnitzel cutlets fortify revelers partaking in the rambunctious festivities. Balance heavy meats with lighter spätzle noodles, creamy potato soups, harvested asparagus dishes, or tangy sauerkraut.

Sweet tooths delight in the dessert spread of Danishes, strudels, Black Forest cakes, fruit tarts, flavored tortes, or cream-filled doughnuts. Finally, round out the menu with regional cheese selections, hearty breads, mustards, and butter.

Music and Entertainment

The boisterousness of a Polterabend calls for lively tunes keeping the celebration flowing from initial cheers to ceremonial shattering. Rather than wallflowers, this tradition summons extroverts ready to dance and make merry till everyone raises a glass in honor of the bride and groom.

Spin up beloved German drinking songs, oompah band classics, and modern pop hits by Nena, Rammstein, and other favorites. Those feeling nostalgic can request “80s Deutschpunk” playlists rattling childhood memories with noisy ditties.

Customary brass band kitsch transforms into full arena rock energy once the playlist pivots to guilty pleasure Schlagerpop. Smiling uncles suddenly think they’re at Oktoberfest swaying and clapping to the infectious charm of catchy folk lyrics celebrating love and life.

If weather allows, set up outdoor garden games like corn hole, giant Jenga, ladder toss, or a bocce ball court. Organize group competitions for prizes that pair teams across family lines. Indoors, card games, dice challenges, trivia contests, karaoke battles, dance-offs, or live DJs keep celebrations lively late into the night.

Modern Polterabend Trends

While the raucous revelry of Polterabend remains steeped in heritage, contemporary brides and grooms put unique spins on the age-old German tradition. Modern venues replace backyard ceremonies with large event halls dropping dishware from interior balconies onto polished concrete floors.

Some couples shift shattered porcelain pottery with the splintering of wooden pallets that guests can disassemble with hammers. This reduces environmental waste while upholding the symbolic act of demolition preceding matrimony. Safety remains paramount, so attendees wear protective gear amid the collateral debris.

Instead of traditional Memoriam Scherben creating mosaics from collected shards to commemorate those who cannot attend, some innovators craft smaller decorative pieces like suncatchers or jewelry from porcelain remnants to gift wedding guests. This thoughtful gesture provides loved ones lasting mementos symbolizing blessings upon the marriage.

Charitable couples donate leftover unbroken dishware from Polterabends to organizations assisting disadvantaged communities or individuals overcoming hardships as newlyweds embarking on a new life adventure together. This act of altruism transforms old things into hope for those seeking their own chance at prosperity.

Additionally, same-sex partners partake in Polterabends prior to their own wedding celebrations as cultural traditions gradually shift with evolving social norms. Some may incorporate infusing rainbow colors into dishware patterns or table displays as Pride emerges at these inclusive events.

Here the customary circle of family and friends encapsulates all relationships rooted in the enduring power of love and acceptance. And so, another generation comes to clink glasses amid the shattering debris, signifying not fortune alone but daring to dream of a world where all might live boldly as their true selves without fear.

FAQs About Polterabends

What does Polterabend mean?

Polterabend translates as “eve of breaking” or “eve of clatter,” referencing the traditional custom of smashing porcelain dishware on the night preceding a couple’s wedding.

Why do they break dishes at a German wedding?

Germans break china dishes the evening before the wedding to scare off lingering evil spirits while ushering in blessings of health, wealth, fertility, happiness, and prosperity for the newly married pair.

What do you wear to a Polterabend?

Attire for German Polterabends tends to be smart casual featuring cocktail dresses or dress pants for women and button-downs/slacks for men. However, more raucous events favor fun costumes or traditional German garb involving lederhosen, dirndls, hats, and steins.

Is Polterabend only in Germany?

While strongly linked to German heritage, versions of Polterabend exist in Austria, Switzerland, Hungary, and German-influenced communities worldwide. However, the custom likely originated in Germany itself.

What should I expect at Polterabend?

Anticipate a lively celebration filled with eating, drinking, music, games, raucous dish smashing, well wishes for the couple, and affirmations of enduring community/family bonds. Prepare to join together in raising last glasses amid the shards while cheering “Zum Wohl” in honor of the upcoming marriage!


With roots tracing back hundreds of years, Polterabend remains a treasured German pre-wedding tradition commemorating the transition from single life to marriage. This “eve of breaking” utilitarian dishware symbolizes leaving behind the shards of past relationships and ill fortunes. In their place stand fellowship, resilience, and bright hopes launched upon seas of celebration under the clinking echoes of pilsner glasses.

As an authentic cultural experience, Polterabends showcase German joie de vivre at its finest. Friends and families come together, decked in dirndls and steins, to fete engaged couples through costumed antics, feast, dance, and drink until rows of doomed plates meet their noisy demise. Here stands community support launching matrimony amid the collateral debris; an ebullient display where the smashing of one life makes way for the dawning promise of another built by love and strengthened through kinship.

So let shards (sherben) fall where they may! And let dreams shatter until all that remains are circles of held handssheltering flickering wishes that light the way home again. To new beginnings and timeless tradition! Prost/Zum Wohl!


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